National Land Bank Map

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Discover where land banks are located across the U.S.

The data in this map has been updated as of April 2023. It may not include all land banks and land bank programs in the U.S. Please contact us if your jurisdiction’s land bank is missing, or if more current information is available for your land bank.

For the purposes of this map, land banks are defined as governmental entities or special purpose nonprofit corporations that specialize in the acquisition of vacant,1 abandoned, and tax delinquent properties with the intention of returning these properties to productive use, or temporarily holding and maintaining them for the purpose of stabilizing distressed markets or fulfilling long term land use and community goals.2

Approximately 80 percent of land banks that currently exist in the United States were created pursuant to comprehensive state-enabling statutes that authorize local governments throughout a state to create land banks.

As of April 2023, the following seventeen states have passed comprehensive state-enabling land bank legislation

  • Michigan (2004)
  • Ohio (2009)
  • New York (2011)
  • Georgia (2012)
  • Tennessee (2012)
  • Missouri (2012)
  • Pennsylvania (2012)
  • Nebraska (2013)
  • Alabama (2013)
  • West Virginia (2014)
  • Delaware (2015)
  • Virginia (2016)
  • Indiana (2016)
  • Kentucky (2017)
  • Connecticut (2019)
  • New Jersey (2019)
  • Maryland (2019)

It should be noted that land bank statutes throughout the country are not identical to one another. Each land bank statute reflects a different legal and political environment, and provides varying legal powers to the land bank(s) it governs. Exemplary powers provided to land banks through state enabling statutes include, but are not limited to, the ability to acquire real property through the delinquent tax enforcement process, the ability to hold real property tax-exempt, and the ability to dispose of property for other than monetary consideration according to the direction of the land bank board of directors and land bank jurisdiction.

  1. Properties received by a land bank may also be occupied.
  2. Modified definition from Alexander, F.S. (2011). Land Banks and Land Banking. Center for Community Progress.

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